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Troubles Of The Nervous System

The Nervous System is not easily Damaged. The nervous system ...

How To Conquer Consumption

Different Forms of Tuberculosis. The terrible disease tubercu...

Treating With Electrolytic Currents

For decomposing and carrying off unnatural growths, as fistul...

Amaurosis Paralysis Of The Optic Nerve

Use B D current, moderate force, three or four times, and the...


This is severe pain in one part or other of the body, sometime...

From The Hygienic Dictionary

Cure. [1] There is no "cure" for disease; fasting is not a cur...

Bruises Case Xx

It frequently occurs to surgeons to receive slight wounds upo...

Blood Pressure In Children

May Michael, [Footnote: Michael, May: A Study of Blood Pressu...

Acetic Acid

is a most efficient remedy applied to old irritable _varicose...

General Principles Of Position

As will be seen in Fig. 47 the trachea and esophagus are not...

Diagnosis Of Foreign Body In The Air Or Food Passages

The questions arising are: I. Is a foreign body present? ...

Muscular Pains

These pains occur usually when a patient has been for some tim...

Deformities Of The Urinary Bladder The Operations Of Sounding For Stone Of Catheterism And Of Puncturing The Bladder Above The Pubes

The urinary bladder presents two kinds of deformity--viz., co...

Malignant Endocarditis Ulcerative Endocarditis

Since we have learned that bacteria are probably at the botto...

Don't Talk

THERE is more nervous energy wasted, more nervous str...

Temperature Of The Sick-room

The _temperature of the sick-room_ should not be much above 6...

Sitz-bath Anchor Of Safety

If there be much delirium, the sitz-bath may be required long...

Food And Mental Power

Unsuitable or ill-cooked food has a most serious effect on the...

Ulcers Case Xxix

The peculiarity of the present case arose from neglect in eva...

Instructions To The Patient

Before beginning endoscopy the patient should be told that h...

Bronchoscopy In Malignant Growths Of The Trachea

Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

The trachea is often secondarily invaded by malignancy of the
esophagus, thyroid gland, peritracheal or peribronchial glands.
Primary malignant neoplasms of the trachea or bronchus have not
infrequently been diagnosticated by bronchoscopy. Peritracheal or
peribronchial malignancy may produce a compressive stenosis covered
with normal mucosa. Endoscopically, the wall is seen to bulge in from
one side causing a crescentic picture, or compression of opposite
walls may cause a scabbard or pear shaped lumen. Endotracheal and
endobronchial malignancy ulcerate early, and are characterized by the
bronchoscopic view of a bleeding mass of fungating tissue bathed in
pus and secretion, usually foul. The diagnosis in these cases rests
upon the exclusion of lues, and is rendered certain by the removal of
a specimen for biopsy. Sarcoma and carcinoma of the thyroid when
perforating the trachea may become pedunculated. In such cases
aberrant non-pathologic thyroid must be excluded by biopsy.
Endothelioma of the trachea or bronchus may also assume a pedunculated
form, but is more often sessile.

Next: Treatment

Previous: Inspection Of The Party Wall In Cases Of Suspected Laryngeal Malignancy

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