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Instructions To The Patient

Before beginning endoscopy the patient should be told that h...

Foreign Bodies In The Larynx And Tracheobronchial Tree

The protective reflexes preventing the entrance of foreign bo...

Self-consciousness

SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS may be truly defined as a person's...

Social/cultural/psychological Obstacles To Fasting

Numerous attitudes make it difficult to fast or to provide mo...

Burns

For slight burns, immerse the injured part in cold water, and ...

Our Relations With Others

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Cancer In Foot

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Bile Black

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Plate Iv

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Disturbances Of The Heart In General

Of prime importance in the treatment of diseases of the hea...

Colds Consumption And Pneumonia

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The Anti-gastric Method

consisting in the free use of emetics or purgatives, has been...

Alcohol

Enough has already been said of the value and limitations of ...

Spinal Congestion

In some cases of this trouble the symptoms are very alarming, ...

Underwear

There is a common and very popular error, namely, that of putt...

Cholera Morbus

Keep the patient still as possible on his back. Use A D curre...

Symptoms Of Gastric Foreign Body

Foreign body in the stomach ordinarily produces no symptoms. ...

Difficulties In The Introduction Of The Bronchoscope

The beginner may enter the esophagus instead of the trachea:...

The Healing Crisis And Retracing

Certain unpleasant somatics that occur while fasting (or whil...

Haemorrhage

See Bleeding; Wounds. ...



Etiology





Category: FOREIGN BODIES IN THE ESOPHAGUS
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

The lodgement of foreign bodies in the esophagus is
influenced by:
1. The shape of the foreign body (disc-shaped, pointed, irregular).
2. Resiliency of the object (safety pins).
3. The size of the foreign body.
4. Narrowing of the esophagus, spasmodic or organic, normal, or
pathologic.
5. Paralysis of the normal esophageal propulsory mechanism.

The lodgement of a bolus of ordinary food in the esophagus is strongly
suggestive of a preexisting narrowing of the lumen of either a
spasmodic or organic nature; a large bolus of food, poorly masticated
and hurriedly swallowed, may, however, become impacted in a perfectly
normal esophagus.

Carelessness is the cause of over 80 per cent of the foreign bodies in
the esophagus (see Bibliography, 29).





Next: Site Of Lodgement

Previous: Unsuccessful Bronchoscopy For Foreign Bodies



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