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From The Hygienic Dictionary

Doctors. [1] In the matter of disease and healing, the peopl...

Cold In The Head

Infants often are prevented sucking by this form of cold closi...

Auricular Fibrillation Diagnosis

If the pulse is intermittent and there is apparently a heart ...

Children

WORK for the better progress of the human race is most effect...

Physical Signs In Esophageal Foreign Body

There are no constant physical signs associated with uncompli...

Internal Relaxation

Pain is often felt in parts of the back or sides which will yi...

Urinary Troubles

A healthy man usually evacuates about 30-40 ozs. of urine dail...

Mumps

This is a contagious disease, consisting in an inflammation o...

From The Hygienic Dictionary

Food. [1] Life is a tragedy of nutrition. In food lies 99.99...

Cases Beyond The Remedy Of Fasting

Occasionally, very ill people have a liver that has become so...

Our Relations With Others

EVERY one will admit that our relations to others sho...

Children's Treatment

This should always be managed so as to soothe and not excite t...

Diarrhoea

Sudden attacks of this, though in a mild form, are very troubl...

Chloroform

See Child-bearing. ...

The Care Of The Heart-pump

The Effect of Work upon the Heart. Whatever else in this body...

Fever Typhoid

Treat as under Fever, Gastric, and Fever. In addition, great c...

Limbs Fractured

It is not always easy to say definitely whether a bone is brok...

Symptoms

The symptoms are increased tension, which means, sooner or la...

Varix And Angioma Of The Esophagus

These lesions are sometimes the cause of esophageal hemorrhag...

Bruises Case Xviii

Mrs. C. aged 40, was detained on a journey by a bruised wound...



Measuring Rule





Category: INSTRUMENTARIUM
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

It is customary to locate esophageal
lesions by denoting their distance from the incisor teeth. This is
readily done by measuring the distance from the proximal end of the
esophagoscope to the upper incisor teeth, or in their absence, to the
upper alveolar process, and subtracting this measurement from the
known length of the tube. Thus, if an esophagoscope 45 cm. long be
introduced and we find that the distance from the incisor teeth to the
ocular end of the esophagoscope as measured by the rule is 20 cm., we
subtract this 20 cm. from the total length of the esophagoscope (45
cm.) and then know that the distal end of the tube is 25 cm. from the
incisor teeth. Graduation marks on the tube have been used, but are
objectionable.

[FIG. 7.--Measuring rule for gauging in centimeters the depth of any
location by subtraction of the length of the uninserted portion of the
esophagoscope or bronchoscope. This is preferable to graduations
marked on the tubes, though the tubes can be marked with a scale if
desired.]





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