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This term is applied so loosely and so indiscriminately to al...
Wounds Bleeding Of
After sending for a surgeon the first thing to be looked at in...
Troubles Of The Nervous System
The Nervous System is not easily Damaged. The nervous system ...
Anomalies Of The Esophagus
Congenital esophagotracheal fistulae are the most frequent of...
Earache - Otalgia
This may arise from various causes, but a common one is sudde...
The Glands In The Skin
Sweat Glands. Like all the pavement (epithelial) surfaces of ...
This most important matter of good sleep for the child depends...
As the patient should have a constant supply of pure air for ...
Eyes Hazy Sight
Frequently, after inflammation, and even when that has ceased,...
The gastroscope is of the same construction as the esophagos...
Punctures Case Ii
Mrs. Middleton, aged 40, wounded her wrist, on the ulnar side...
See Alcohol; Narcotics. ...
Deviation Of The Esophagus
Deviation of the esophagus may be marked in the presence of a...
If the disease be recent and acute, (but not infectious), as ...
If this grain is well grown and thoroughly well cooked, it wil...
How And Why We Breathe
Life is Shown by Breathing. If you wanted to find out whether...
In this fever, now known as a form of Typhoid, the disease spr...
See Bleeding; Wounds. ...
See Children's Sleep. ...
Exercise While Fasting
The issue of how much activity is called for on a fast is co...
Category: DIRECT LARYNGOSCOPY IN DISEASES OF THE LARYNX
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery
Radium and the therapeutic roentgenray are today our
only effective means of retarding the progress of esophageal malignant
neoplasms. No permanent cures have been reported, but marked temporary
improvement in the swallowing function and prolongation of life have
been repeatedly observed. The combination of radium treatment applied
within the esophageal lumen and the therapeutic roentgenray through
the chest wall, has retarded the progress of some cases.
The dosage of radium or the therapeutic ray must be determined by the
radiologist for the particular individual case; its method of
application should be decided by consultation of the radiologist and
the endoscopist. Two fundamental points are to be considered, however.
The radium capsule, if applied within the esophagus, should be so
screened that the soft, irritating, beta rays, and the secondary rays,
are both filtered out to prevent sloughing of the esophageal mucosa.
The dose should be large enough to have a lethal effect upon the
cancer cells at the periphery of the growth as well as in the center.
If the dose be insufficient, development of the cells at the outside
of the growth is stimulated rather than inhibited. It is essential
that the radium capsule be accurately placed in the center of the
malignant strictured area and this can be done only by visual control
through the esophagoscope (Fig. 95)
Drs. Henry K. Pancoast, George E. Pfahler and William S. Newcomet have
obtained very satisfactory palliative effects from the use of radium
in esophageal cancer.
Next: Direct Laryngoscopy In Diseases Of The Larynx