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Prejudice Of Physicians Against The Water-cure

The greatest, and the most serious, difficulty lies in the pr...

Wet Compress

The wet compress on the throat in torpid cases should not be ...


The stomach of any individual having a normal esophagus and n...


See Hearing. ...

Technic For General Anesthesia

For esophagoscopy and gastroscopy, if general anesthesia is ...

Paroxysm Drugs

The part the nervous system plays in this paroxysm is shown b...

Breath Hot

This may be felt either because the breath is actually hot, or...

Croup Less Serious Form

The less serious croup proceeds from a nervous closing of the ...


Bilateral abductor laryngeal paralysis causes severe stenosi...

Van Helmont

JOHANN BAPTIST VAN HELMONT, a celebrated Belgian physician, s...

The Ear

Structure of the Ear. Next after sight, hearing is our most i...

Liver The

Where biliousness prevails, without any symptom of real liver ...

Electrical Classification Of Diseases

There are two, and only two, primary classes of disease--thos...

Paralysis Of The Esophagus

The passage of liquids and solids through the esophagus is a ...


If an epidemic prevails in the neighbourhood, or a case occurs...

Chronic Stenosis Of The Larynx And Trachea

The various forms of laryngeal stenosis for which tracheotomy...


This is neuralgia in an ischiatic nerve, commonly the great i...

Scarlatina Miliaris

Sometimes the red patches of the rash are covered with small ...


_Erysipelas_ being commonly the reflexion of an internal dise...


There is intense drowsiness and contraction of pupils of eye. ...

Safety-pin Closer

Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

There are a number of methods for the endoscopic
removal of open safety-pins when the point is up, one of which is by
closing the pin with the instrument shown in Fig. 37 in the following
manner. The oval ring is passed through the endoscope until it is
beyond the spring of the safety-pin, the ring is then turned upward by
depressing the handle, and by the aid of the prong the pin is pushed
into the ring, which action approximates the point of the pin and the
keeper and closes the pin. Removal is then less difficult and without
danger. This instrument may also be used as a mechanical spoon, in
which case it may be passed to the side of a difficultly grasped
foreign body, such as a pebble, the ring elevated and the object
withdrawn. Elsewhere will be found a description of the
various safety-pin closers devised by various endoscopists. The author
has used Arrowsmith's closer with much satisfaction.

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