Yellow Fever


Categories: ADMINISTRATION OF REMEDIES.
Sources: An Epitome Of Homeopathic Healing Art

[As I have never practiced farther South than Cincinnati, and have seen

but few cases of this disease, my experience with it has not been

sufficient to be relied upon as authority. Therefore, I shall give a

brief description of the disease, with the proper and _successful

treatment_, furnished me by A. H. BURRETT, M. D., of New Orleans, who is

not only a Physician of more than ordinary learning and skill in his

profession generally, but is one who has spent his time in New Orleans

among the sick of Yellow Fever, through three of the most fatal

epidemics that ever scourged any city. He is a man for the times, a man

of resources, who draws useful lessons from experience and observation.

Hence he has been able to select such remedies as have enabled him to

cope most successfully with the pestilence, saving nearly all his

patients, while, under other treatment, a majority have died. I

therefore, attach great value to his treatment, and recommend its

adoption with the most implicit confidence.]



* * * * *



When this Fever prevails as an epidemic, as it usually does, in the

southern part of the United States, it is a disease of the most

malignant character. The proportion of _fatal_ cases under the

Allopathic course of treatment, has been equal to, and, in some places,

as in New Orleans, and some Towns in Virginia, has exceeded that of

_Asiatic_ Cholera. It is almost entirely confined to Southern regions,

and only prevails in hot weather, after the continuance of extreme heat

for some weeks.



It usually begins with premonitory symptoms somewhat like those of

ordinary fever, but with this difference: the patient, instead of losing

his appetite, has often a morbidly increased desire for food. He

complains of severe pains in the back, and more or less headache. Both

the head and backache are of a peculiar character: the pains resembling

rheumatic pains, the head feeling full and too large, the eyes early

turn red, almost bloodshot and watery, a chill comes on, which may be

distinct and quite severe, lasting for an hour or more, or, it may be

slight, and hardly perceptible. The chill is followed by high fever, the

pain in the head and back increasing, the eyes becoming more red and

suffused, the forehead and face extremely red and hot, and the heat of

the whole surface very great, the carotids beat violently, the pulse

very frequent, and usually, at first, full and strong, though sometimes

it is feeble from the beginning. However the pulse may be in the

beginning, it very soon becomes small, but continues to be frequent. The

tongue is at first covered with a white paste-like coating, which

afterwards gives place to redness of the edges and tip, with a dark or

yellow streak in the center. The stomach is very irritable, rejecting

every kind of food, and all drinks, except, perhaps, a few drops of ice

water. There is a peculiar distressed feeling in the stomach, often a

burning sensation, so that, if suffered to do so, he would take large

quantities of ice or water. One remarkable feature of the cases noticed

in the epidemic, as it existed in New Orleans the past season, was, that

the patients had a great desire for food, notwithstanding the nausea and

distress at the stomach.



Sooner or later, varying from a few hours to several days, in the

ordinary course of the disease, the fever subsides. From this time the

patient may recover without any further symptoms, but this is, by no

means, the usual result. If the subsidence of the fever is accompanied

by natural pulse, a free, but not profuse or prostrating perspiration,

a genial warmth of the surface, natural appearance of the countenance,

eyes, and tongue, with little or no soreness on pressure over the

stomach, we may safely look for a speedy recovery. But if, on the

contrary, the eyes, face, and tongue, become yellow, or orange-colored,

the epigastrium is tender to pressure, the urine has a yellow tinge, the

pulse becomes unnaturally slow, with the least degree of mental stupor,

we have reason to know, full well, that the lull of the fever is only

the calm preceding a more destructive storm. The fever has subsided,

only because exhausted nature could re-act no longer. It may be in a few

hours, or not until twelve or twenty-four have elapsed, the pulse

becomes quickened, even to the frequency of 120 to 140 in a minute, but

very feeble, the extremities of the fingers and toes turn purple or

dark, the tongue becomes brown and dry, or is clean, red, and cracked,

sordes may be on the teeth, the stomach become more irritable, nausea

and vomiting are extreme, the substances vomited being, at first,

reddish, afterwards watery, containing floculae, like soot, or coffee

grounds; the breath becomes foul, and the whole surface emits a

sickening odor. The pulse becomes very small, though the carotid and

temporal arteries beat violently. The urine fails to be secreted, and

later, blood is discharged from the mucous surfaces, involuntary

discharges from the bowels, clammy sweats; and death follows.



The disease runs its course in from three to seven days, sometimes

proves fatal in less than a day, and at others, assumes a typhoid form,

and runs for weeks. Occasionally it sets in without any of the

premonitory symptoms, the chill being first, the fever following,

succeeded immediately by the black vomit, going through all the stages

in a single day, or two days.



Again, it sometimes begins with the black vomit, the patient being

immediately prostrated. In all cases, however it may begin, the peculiar

head-ache and back-ache as described in the beginning, as well as the

extreme heat of the head and face, redness of the eyes, the gnawing

sensation at the stomach, and peculiar nausea are present. These seem to

be characteristic symptoms that mark the Yellow Fever, and those which

should guide in the search for the proper remedies.





TREATMENT.



The remedies that proved successful in arresting the disease during the

early or forming stage, before the chill or fever had set in, while the

symptoms were pain, fullness, and throbbing of the head, with more or

less dizziness, rheumatic pains in the back, and redness of the eyes,

were _Aconite_ and _Bell._, at low attenuations, once in two to four

hours, according to the violence of the symptoms. For the fullness of

the head, pressing outwards, as though it would split, with pains of a

rheumatic character, _Macrotin_ 1st, given in one grain doses, every

hour or two hours, proved specific.



These three remedies, _Aconite, Bell._ and _Macrotin_,

would, in nearly all cases, arrest the disease in the forming stage, so

that no chill or fever would occur, or, if fever did come on after this

treatment, it was mild.



When the fever sets in, and the pain in the head and back increases, the

eyes, forehead and face are extremely red, or purple and hot, the pulse

frequent and full, the tongue coated white, _Aconite_, _Belladonna_ and

_Macrotin_ are still to be relied upon, but they should be given every

half hour, in rotation, at low attenuations. If the tongue is red, in

the early stage, use _Bryonia_ in place of the _Belladonna_. In a later

stage, when sickness or distress at the stomach had become prominent,

with the quick pulse, and hot skin, _Ipecac_ and _Aconite_, both at the

1st attenuation, a dose given every half hour alternately, generally

arrested the symptoms, and brought on perspiration of a healthful

character, followed by subsidence of the fever and convalescence. Sponge

baths, with half an ounce of _Tr. Ipecac_ in two quarts of tepid water,

applied to the whole surface freely, under the bed clothes, so as not to

expose him to the air, contributed much towards bringing on perspiration

and subduing the fever, as well as allaying the nausea.



When called to patients in the stage of _Black Vomit_, whether that came

on as an early symptom, or at a later stage, _Nit. acid_, _Veratrum

virid._ and _Baptisia_, all at the first dilution, were administered

every hour, in rotation, with great success, the symptoms yielding in a

few hours. For the great oppression, as of a load, in the stomach,

without vomiting, _Nux_ was found sufficient. In the later stage, when

there seemed to be no secretion of urine, _Canabis_ and _Apis mel._,

gave relief.



The remedies most successful for the cases that assumed a typhoid

character, with dry, cracked tongue, sordes on the teeth, and low

sluggish pulse, were _Baptisia_ and _Bryonia_, given every two hours,

alternately. _Nitric acid_ given internally and injected into the

rectum, when bloody discharges appear, is generally quite successful.



Good nursing is of the utmost importance, and the patient should be

visited frequently by his Physician, as great changes may occur in a

short time. Three times a day is none too often to see the patient. As

soon as the fever comes on, the patient should be stripped of his

clothes, and dressed in such garments as he is to wear in bed through

the attack. He should be put to bed and lightly covered, but have

sufficient to protect him from any sudden changes in the atmosphere, and

the room should be well ventillated all the time. The baths should

always be applied under the bed clothes.



The diet should be very spare and light, after the fever subsides, and

while the fever exists no food should be taken. Thin gruel, in

teaspoonful doses, once in half an hour, is best. After a day or two,

the juice of beef steak may be given in small quantities but give none

of the meat. No "hearty food" should be allowed for eight or ten days

after recovery. A relapse is most surely fatal.



As _Prophylactics_ (_preventives_) of the fever, _Macrotin_, _Bell._ and

_Aconite_ should be taken, a dose every eight to twelve hours, by every

one that is exposed. These will, no doubt, often prevent an attack, and

if they do not, they will so modify it, that it will be very mild, of

short duration, and very easily arrested.



Pregnant females, and young children were sure to die if attacked, when

treated by the Allopathic medication; but, by the use of these remedies

as _preventives_, their attacks were rendered so mild as to be amenable

to remedies, and all recovered.





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