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ACUTE CATARRHAL CONJUNCTIVITIS (Pink Eye)
Category: Diseases of The Eye and Ear
Definition. This is an acute
inflammation of the mucous membranes under the eyelids, and there is
congestion (too much blood), swelling and a discharge of mucus and pus.
Causes. Exposure to wind, dust, smoke, or irritating foreign substance,
cinder, sand, etc. It may occur in epidemic form and then is contagious
and is called "pink eye."
Symptoms. The lids appear stiff to the patient, the light causes
discomfort and the patient fears it. Burning feeling as if there was some
dirt, etc., under the lid, not much pain, but discomfort especially in the
evening. The lids look swollen and red. The conjunctiva on the cornea is
reddened and that on the lid is thickened, reddened and rough. The
discharge collects at the roots of the lashes or lies on the conjunctiva.
The lids are stuck together in the morning. The sight is slightly affected
by the discharge on the cornea, which is otherwise clear. Sometimes little
(minute) ulcerations are seen.
Course. It may run into a chronic conjunctivitis. One eye is usually
attacked a few days before the other. The first stage lasts a few hours or
a day and then the discharge follows which may last a few days or a week
Treatment. First: Use gauze or cotton and dip in ice or cold water and
apply to the eyelids. A wash of hot water can be used to cleanse the eye
or ten to sixty grains (one teaspoonful) of boric acid to an ounce of
water can be used as a wash also.
The following remedies are good in combination as follows:
Alum 3 grains
Sulphate of Zinc 2 grains
Distilled Water 1 ounce
Mix and drop one drop into the eye two or three times daily. A weak
solution of tea can be used also as a wash. Anoint the lids at night with
white (tube) vaselin.
Next: INFLAMMATION OF THE EYE OF NEWLY BORN (OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM)
Previous: STYE (HORDEOLUM)