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Anaemia, or Anemia

Category: Diseases of The Blood And Ductless Galnds

This may be defined as a reduction of the amount of
blood as a whole or of its corpuscles, or of certain of its more important
constituents, such as albumin and haemoglobin. Primary or essential anemia
includes chlorosis and pernicious anemia; secondary anemia results from
hemorrhages, poor nourishment or intoxications, poisons. Chlorosis, a
primary anemia chiefly of young girls, characterized by marked relative
decrease of haemoglobin.

Causes. It usually occurs in blondes of from twelve to twenty years of
age and most often from fourteen to seventeen years of age, when the
menstrual function is being established and during which time they are
rushed with their school work. There may be a family history of chlorosis
or tuberculosis. Poor food, hard, unhealthy work, confinement in close
unventilated rooms are other causes.

Symptoms. Rounded fleshy appearance may continue. There is some
difficulty of breathing, palpitation of the heart on slight exertion, from
a fright or from excitement, tendency to faint feeling or even fainting,
headache, a tired feeling, hard to stir or do anything, irritable temper,
poor or changeable appetite, the digestion is disturbed, there is
constipation, coldness of the hands and feet, difficult menstruation,
irregular menstruation, leucorrhea, amenorrhea, and sometimes there is a
slight fever. The color is often of a yellowish-green tinge, and this is
more noticeable in the brunette type, though the cheeks may be flushed;
the whites of the eyes bluish white in color. The heart sounds are not
right. The blood is pale in color. The red cells are diminished, but
usually are not below eighty per cent of the normal; the haemoglobin is
greatly reduced, sometimes to thirty-five or forty per cent. The age,
greenish tint of pallor, bluish whites of the eyes, poor nutrition, etc.,
aid in making the diagnosis.


Treatment. Fresh air, good food, care of the bowels and rest if the
symptoms are severe. When it is not so severe, plenty of outdoor exercise
is necessary and beneficial. That takes them away from their cramped
sedentary life and gives the sunshine, good pure air, and change of the
scene. Horseback riding is a very good form of exercise, but it should be
slow riding. "Tending" the horse is also good, and sleeping in the open
air is excellent. Automobile riding is too straining and should not be
indulged in.

1. Blaud's pills are very much used. The formula follows:

Dried Sulphate of Iron 2 drams
Carbonate of Potash 2 drams
Syrup Sufficient

Mix thoroughly, and make forty-eight pills. Take one to three pills, three
times a day after meals.

2. Fowler's solution of arsenic is also very good remedy; three to four
drops three times a day. It must be watched for bad symptoms and should
only be taken under a physician's supervision.

Diet. This should be good and varied to suit the special taste, and as
the stomach and bowels are usually disordered such food should be chosen
as will best agree. Diet plays a very important part.


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