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MALIGNANT ANTHRAX (swelling)
Category: Infectious Diseases
In this lesion is a pustule, with very
marked swelling. It most frequently occurs on the eyelid and face and the
swelling may terminate in fatal gangrene.
2. Internal anthrax. (a) Internal anthrax is caused by the introduction
of the bacteria into the alimentary canal in infected meat, milk, etc. The
invasion is marked by a chill, followed by moderate fever, vomiting,
diarrhea, pain in the back and legs and restlessness. Sometimes
convulsions occur and hemorrhages into the skin from the mucous membranes.
The spleen is swollen. Prostration is extreme and it often ends in death.
(b) Charbon or Wool Sorter's disease occurs among those employed in
picking over wool or hair of infected animals--the germs being inhaled or
swallowed. The onset is sudden with a chill, then fever, pain in the back
and legs, and severe prostration. There may be difficulty of breathing and
signs of bronchitis, or vomiting and diarrhea. Death is a common
termination, sometimes within a day. Death rate is from five to twenty-six
per cent. Greatest when the swelling is near the head.
Treatment. The wound or swelling should be cauterized and a solution of
carbolic acid or bichloride of mercury injected around it and applied to
its surface. Stimulants and feeding are important.
Next: LOCKJAW. (Tetanus)
Previous: ANTHRAX. (Charbon, Wool Sorters' Disease, Splenic Fever)