CONGESTION OF THE BRAIN. (Hyperaemia)
Categories: Diseases of The Nervous System
The brain is too full of blood.
Causes. For Active Congestion. Over-exertion in study, etc.; chronic
pletbora (too much blood in the blood vessels); from constant use of
alcohol, tobacco, amyl nitrite, and from the stomach.
For passive congestion. Local obstruction to the return of blood from the
brain. Prolonged mental and physical exertion with excesses and irregular
living may cause it.
Symptoms of active kind. Head feels warm, face is red, the arteries in
the neck beat hard, violent headache, ears ringing, very restless and does
not sleep well.
Symptoms of the passive form. The headache is not so great; there may be
stupor, drowsiness and dull intellect and very sleepy.
Recovery. Favorable if the cause is removed.
Treatment for active congestion. Keep the patient absolutely quiet in a
dark, well aired room, with the head and shoulders raised, an ice bag or
cold cloths to the head and warm applications to the hands and feet. A
warm foot bath will aid in drawing the blood away from the head. Give
salts (salines) to move the bowels. These take away a great deal of water
from the blood and aid in relieving the congestion of the head.
Treatment for passive congestion. Remove the cause if possible. Give a
light nutritious diet; prohibit alcohol in any form; keep the bowels