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Schaefer Method of Effecting Artificial Respiration In Case of Drowning

Categories: Accidents, Emergencies and Poisons

After an investigation and comparison of the different methods

of artificial respiration, Schaefer suggests one which is by far the

simplest and easiest and at the same time one of the most effective and

least injurious to the patient. In describing it he says: "It consists in

laying the subject in the prone posture, preferably on the ground, with a

thick folded garment underneath the chest and epigastrium, (region above

> the stomach). The operator puts himself athwart or at the side of the

subject, facing his head (see plate) and places his hands on each side

over the lower part of the back (lowest ribs). He then slowly throws the

weight of his body forward to bear upon his own arms and this presses upon

the thorax of the subject and forces air out of the lungs. This being

effected, he gradually relaxes the pressure by bringing his own body up

again to a more erect position, but without moving his hands." These

movements should be repeated regularly at a rate of twelve to fifteen

times per minute, until normal respiration begins or until hope of its

restoration is abandoned. Some claim there is no hope of restoring

respiration after half an hour of artificial respiration. Others claim

there is a chance of saving the patient even then, and say that artificial

respiration should be kept up for two or three hours.