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The Ovaries

Category: Diseases of Women

They are analogues, anatomically, of the testes in the male.
They are two egg-shaped bodies situated one on each side of the womb on
the posterior aspect of the broad ligament, below and behind the fallopian
tubes; each is connected by its anterior margin to the broad ligament;
internally to the womb by the ovarian ligament, externally to the
fringe-like extremity of the fallopian tubes by a short cord-like
ligament. They are white in color; about one and one-half inches long,
three-quarters of an inch wide and one-third of an inch thick and weigh
about two drams each.

The ovarian ligament extends from the inner side of the ovary to the
superior angle of the (Uterus) womb. The round ligaments, two in number,
are about five inches long and are situated between the layers of the
broad ligament, one on each side of the womb in front and below the
fallopian tube. They pass forward and outward from the womb through the
internal abdominal ring, along the groin canal and out at the external
abdominal ring.

I have given a lengthy description of these organs; I think it will repay
a careful reading. To understand a disease one should understand the
organs that are subject to the disease.


Dr. Child says among primitive people, woman is notoriously free from many
of the diseases to which her sister in our present-day civilization is
especially prone. As we ascend the scale of civilization, departing from a
natural and adopting an artificial mode of life we find nature enacts due
penalties for the transgression of her laws. The female among savage
tribes has every advantage and opportunity to develop physical perfection,
and her endurance suffers little, if any, by comparison with the male. How
different is our modern system when the young girls are sent early to
school and subjected daily to long hours of study, often in badly
ventilated class-rooms, for nine months in the year, and this at the time
of puberty, one of the most important periods of their life when they need
plenty of out-door exercise. Surely, as Goodell says, "If woman is to be
thus stunted and deformed to meet the ambitious intellectual demands of
the day, if her health must be sacrificed upon the altar of her education,
the time may come when to renew the worn out stock of the Republic it will
be necessary for our young men to make matrimonial excursions into lands
where educational theories are unknown."

Next: Menstruation

Previous: The Vagina

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