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Category: Animal Parasites

(Oxyuris Vermicularis.)--This common worm
occupies the rectum and colon. They produce great irritation and itching,
particularly at night, symptoms which become intensely aggravated by the
nightly migration (traveling) of the parasite. They sometimes in their
travels enter the vagina. Occasionally abscesses are formed around the
bowel (rectum) containing numbers of worms. The patient becomes extremely
restless and irritable, for the sleep is very often disturbed, and there
may be loss of appetite and also anemia. These worms are most common in
children, but they can occur in all ages. The worms can easily be seen in
the feces. The infection takes place through the drinking of water and
possibly through salads, such as lettuce and cresses, and various other
means. A person who is the subject of worms passes ova (eggs) in large
numbers in the feces, and the possibility of reinfection must be guarded
against very scrupulously.

MOTHERS' REMEDIES. 1. Pin worms, Aloes treatment for. "Pin worms or seat
worms are usually found in children and sometime cause a great deal of
annoyance to the child. They are usually very restless at night and pull
at the rectum both day and night. This condition may be relieved by an
injection, of powdered aloes,--five grains; hot water one-half pint." This
is sufficient for two injections and should be used at about blood heat.

2. Pin worms, Pink Root for. "Take one ounce pink root, and one pint of
water. Make a decoction of this by boiling the above to half a pint. Give
a teaspoonful three times a day for two days, following this up by a good
dose of castor oil or cream of tartar to thoroughly cleanse the system."

3. Pin worms, Quassia chips for. "I knew of a child who had not slept
three hours a night for several months, and several doctors had been
called and none of them seemed to get down to the real trouble. Finally
the mother tried an injection made by steeping quassia chips for two or
three hours slowly, then straining it and injecting about one pint (luke
warm) once a day. This gave the child immediate relief and improvement
could be seen within a week."

4. Pin worms, Lime-water injection for. "A very simple remedy is an
injection of a teacupful of lime water once a day, preferably in the
morning, as the worms are usually lodged in the rectum and this injection
will bring them away, giving the child relief at once."

5. Worms-Stomach, Salt Remedy for. "Encourage the child to eat as much
salt as possible and give an injection of salt and water, about one
teaspoonful of salt to two quarts of water, once a day."

PHYSICIANS' TREATMENT. 1. Santonin in small doses and mild purgatives
like rhubarb. Santonin in doses of one-tenth of a grain can be given for
two days, three or four times a day, preceded by spiced syrup of rhubarb,
one dram dose, and also followed by the rhubarb. In children the cold
injections of strong salt and water is effective. They should be repeated
for ten days. The hips should be well elevated so that the injection can
be retained for some time.

2. Quassia chips 1 ounce
Common salt 1/2 ounce
Water 1 pint

Soak over night and inject slowly all the bowels will hold. Repeat once
each week till all are removed.

3. Dr. Tooker of Chicago, Illinois, recommends the following:--Give an
injection of an infusion of fresh garlic for two or three nights in
succession, using, to make the infusion, a small bunch of garlic in a pint
of water, steeped down to one-quarter pint.

4. Dr. Tooker gives another method which is often successful. Anoint the
anus for several nights in succession with sweet oil, using the little
finger to insert the oil as far into the rectum as the fingers will reach.

5. Another Remedy. Inject cod-liver oil (pure) into the bowel or make into
an emulsion with the yolk of an egg and then inject.


6. Spearmint Remedy. Make an infusion of the common spearmint and inject
some in the bowel every night for one week. Some can be taken internally
at the same time.

Oil of Wormseed 1/2 ounce
Oil of Turpentine 1-1/2 dram
Castor Oil 2 ounces
Fluid extract of Pink Root 3 drams
Hydrastin 10 grains
Syrup of Peppermint 4 drams

One teaspoonful three times a day one hour before meals to a child ten
years old. If it physics to much give less often. Good for both kinds of

8. Tincture of Cina; to accompany any injection. I give the Tincture of
Cina (Homeopathic preparation) in from one-quarter to two or three drop
doses, three or four times a day, always after I have given the other worm
remedies. It can be given for weeks without producing bad effects. The
dose can be made less for weakly children; or greater in grown people. It
is good to give in small doses in pin worms when injections are used. It
seems to prevent their formation. It is also a good remedy for the worms
puppies are troubled with. I have saved the lives of a good many little
fellows with this remedy.

TAPE WORM, PORK.-(Taenia Solium). It is six to twelve feet long, but it is
not a common form in this country. The head is small, round, not so large
as the head of a pin and provided with four sucking ducts and a double row
of hooklets. By these hooklets and disks, the parasite attaches itself to
the mucous membrane of the small intestine in man. Below the head is a
constricted neck, which is followed by a large number of segments,
increasing in size from the neck onward. Each segment contains the
generative organs of both sexes. The parasite (worm) becomes fully grown
in three to three and one-half months. Segments then continually break off
and are discharged at stool. Each ovum (egg) contains a single embryo,
armed with six hooklets and contained in a thick shell. When swallowed by
a pig or man these shells are digested and the embryos migrate (travel) to
various parts of the body, where they change to Cysticerci or "Measles."
Each contains a scolex or tape-worm. When meat, improperly cooked and
containing "measles," is eaten, the cyst is dissolved in the human stomach
and the free scolex or head attaches itself to the intestinal mucous
membrane and grows into a tapeworm.


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