|VIEW THE MOBILE VERSION of www.homemedicine.ca|| Informational|
Medical ArticlesEruptive Cutaneous Diseases
Take A D current, pretty vigorous force in acute cases; mild ...
Prognosis And Convalescence
The duration of acute endocarditis varies greatly; it may be ...
The swallowing function can be studied only with the fluoros...
By inserting the window plug shown in Fig. 6 the esophagus m...
Dysmenorrhea Painful Menstruation
If the disease be occasioned by uterine displacement, obstruc...
Ears Singing In The
Partial deafness is often accompanied by noises in the ear, wh...
Food In Illness
Light, easily digested food is of the first importance in many...
We feel urged, in first considering this sore and very common ...
Remedy Finding A
It will sometimes occur, in the case of those endeavouring to ...
Other Forms Of Rest
DO you hold yourself on the chair, or does the chair ...
See Rubbing. ...
Punctures Case Ii
Mrs. Middleton, aged 40, wounded her wrist, on the ulnar side...
Endoscopic Operations For Laryngeal Stenosis
Web formations may be excised with sliding punch forceps, or...
Position For Bronchoscopy And Esophagoscopy
The dorsally recumbent patient is so placed that the head an...
Stenosis of one or more bronchi results at times from cicatr...
The Malignant Forms Of Scarlet-fever
are caused by the character of the epidemy, but, perhaps, mor...
Removal Of Foreign Bodies From The Larynx
Symptoms and Diagnosis.--The history of a sudden choking atta...
Influenzal infection, not always by the same organism, sweep...
Lues Of The Esophagus
Esophageal syphilis is a rather rare affection, and may show ...
The Frightening Heart
Heart disease is one of the major causes of death among North...
Examination Of The Trachea And Bronchi
Category: INTRODUCTION OF THE BRONCHOSCOPE
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery
All bronchial orifices must
be identified seriatim; because this is the only way by which the
bronchoscopist can know what part of the tree he is examining.
Appearances alone are not enough. It is the order in which they are
exposed that enables the inexperienced operator to know the orifices.
After the removal of the laryngoscope, the bronchoscope is to be held
by the left hand like a billiard cue, the terminal phalanges of the
left middle and ring fingers hooking over the upper teeth, while the
thumb and index finger hold the bronchoscope, clamping it to the teeth
tightly or loosely as required (Fig. 63). Thus the tube may be
anchored in any position, or at any depth, and the right hand which
was directing the tube may be used for the manipulation of
instruments. The grasp of the bronchoscope in the right hand should be
similar to that of holding a pen, that is, the thumb, first, and
second fingers, encircle the shaft of the tube. The bronchoscope
should never be held by the handle (Fig. 64) for this grasp does not
allow of tactile sense transmission, is rigid, awkward, and renders
rotation of the tube a wrist motion instead of but a gentle finger
action. Any secretion in the trachea is to be removed by sponge
pumping before the bronchoscope is advanced. The inspection of the
walls of the trachea is accomplished by weaving from side to side and,
if necessary, up and down; the head being deflected as required during
the search of the passages, so that the larynx be not made the fulcrum
in the lever-like action.
[FIG. 64.--At A is shown an incorrect manner of holding the
bronchoscope. The grasp is too rigid and the position of the hand is
awkward. B, Correct manner, the collar being held lightly between the
finger and the thumb The thumb must not occlude the tube mouth.]
Next: The Fulcrum Of The Bronchoscopic Lever Is At The Upper Thoracic Aperture
Previous: Difficulties In The Introduction Of The Bronchoscope