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Categories: Accidents, Emergencies and Poisons

Sprains or wrenches of the joints are caused by a twist or a
blow. The injury consists in the tear or rupture of a number of the fibres

of the ligaments.

Symptoms. Severe pain, the joint is practically useless for a time;

swelling, heat and later the joint discolored from effusion of the blood

into the tissues.

MOTHERS' REMEDIES. 1. Sprains, Ointment for. "The bark of bittersweet

hamomile and wormwood simmered in fresh lard make an excellent

ointment for sprains and swellings."

2. Sprains, Vinegar and Bran Poultice for. "Make a poultice with vinegar

and bran only, or with the addition of oatmeal, or bread crumbs. As the

poultice becomes dry it should be moistened with vinegar."

3. Sprains, Turpentine Most Common Remedy for. "Rub the injured part with

turpentine and keep warm and you will find this remedy to be one of the

best to keep proud flesh out that has ever been used. I always have

turpentine in my home and find that I have to use it often, and it always

does as I said above, if once used you will never be without it."

4. Sprains, Quick Relief for. "Bathe the parts with hot water as hot as

one can bear it and relief comes at once." This is an old tried remedy,

but if hot water does not give relief use cold water.

5. Sprains, Relieves Pain of. "Put warm woolen cloth over sprain, drip

hot water as hot as can be borne on cloth for half hour. Bathe with

spirits of camphor."

Bandaging and Photographs by DR. W. E. ZIEGENFUSS, of Detroit.

Done expressly for this book.

6. Sprains, Quick Application for. "A poultice of stiff clay and

vinegar." Add enough vinegar to the clay to make a nice moist poultice.

The clay is exceptionally good for swellings and sprains.

7. Sprains, Turpentine Liniment for. "Equal parts of spirits of

turpentine and vinegar and the yolk of one egg make a valuable liniment in

cases of sprains, bruises and rheumatism poultice. Take common salt, roast

it on a hot stove till dry as possible. Take one teaspoonful each of dry

salt, venice turpentine and pulverized castile soap. Excellent for felon,

apply twice daily until open." This is a very good liniment and if applied

often will draw, which is one of the essential things for a felon.

8. Sprains, Old English White Oil.

"Alcohol 1/4 pint.

Turpentine 1/4 pint.

Hartshorn 1/2 ounce.

Oil Origanum 1 ounce.

For sprains and rubbing around sores."

9. Sprains, Arnica Much Used for. "Tincture of arnica." This should be

diluted with water about one and one-half for adults and one and

three-fourths for a child. This is one of the best known remedies for

sprains that can be obtained. Apply freely to the bruise or sprain.

PHYSICIANS' TREATMENT for Sprains. Rest for a time (for some weeks). The

parts should be raised to lessen the blood supply. Hot applications,

through fomentations, or cold evaporations, lotions, massage later, and

support with a pad and a firm bandage, in some cases. When there is not

much swelling, a plaster of Paris bandage is sometimes applied at once in

order that absolute rest can be secured.

1. Tincture of Arnica. This is an excellent remedy for sprains When the

part is much swollen and looks bluish is when it is especially beneficial.

It can be used full strength by saturating cloths and applying either hot

or cold, or diluted to half strength.

2. Hot Water. Applied with soaked cloths on the part is very grateful in

some cases. It should be kept hot and plenty of water on the part all the

time. This should be applied for hours. Between the soakings, the parts

should be dressed with the lead and laudanum wash, and rubbed with

ichthyol ointment or camphor and laudanum liniment.

3. Cold Applications. Cold water. Some patients are more benefited by

the cold applications. The part should be elevated and a cloth wrung out

of ice cold water, or an ice bag should be kept on the part.

4. Lead and Laudanum Wash. This should not be used if the skin is broken.

Then the laudanum, three-fourths water, can be used alone. Composition of

lead and laudanum wash, proportions four parts of undiluted lead water,

diluted with sixteen parts of water to one of laudanum. This can be made

stronger in the laudanum.

5. Fomentations of hops, or smartweed or wormwood, etc., are also good.

6. Vinegar and Hops--Turpentine Liniment. This can be used later, for

stimulating purposes.

showing how Bandage may be lifted from one eye.]

Bandaging and Photographs by DR. W. E. ZIEGENFUSS, of Detroit.

Done expressly for this book.

The following is a liniment made by an old gentleman I used to know. I was

well acquainted with him while he was living, and I know he was a good,

competent man. Following is the recipe:

"Oil of Amber l ounce.

Oil of Wormwood 1 ounce.

Oil of Tansy 1 ounce.

Camphor Gum 2 ounces.

Ammonia 2 ounces.

Oil of Spike 1 ounce.

Small piece castile soap.

Spirits of Wine 1 pint.

Rub in thoroughly. In some cases it should be diluted one-fourth to

one-half strength. Full strength for much pain.