Foreign bodies in the pleural cavity should be immediately re...
Head Sounds In
As the result and accompaniment of deafness these are sometime...
These will be found dealt with under many headings throughout ...
Clinical Interpretation Of Pulse Tracings
A moment may be spent on clinical interpretation of pulse tra...
Direct Laryngoscopy In Children
The epiglottis in children is usually strongly curled, often...
Passing the cricopharyngeus is the most difficult part of es...
A foreign body lodged in the esophagus may prove quickly fat...
As so many times repeated, real pain must be stopped, and mor...
Impossibility Of Answering For The Issue Of Every Typhoid Case
Although a _typhoid character_ of scarlatina will rarely set ...
See Child-bearing. ...
Very great good can often be done by a little careful syringin...
This trouble appears in two opposite characters. In the one it...
Much more than is readily believed depends on the state of the...
A Rampaging Infection
At the age of 40, John, an old bohemian client of mine, came ...
One of the most common causes of hypertension is clue to exce...
Ulcers Case Xxiii
Mr. Marshall, aged 60, had a troublesome ulcer under the oute...
1 Is Water Applicable In All Typhoid Cases?
The question has been raised, whether in typhoid cases, and i...
Its Cause and Prevention. The other great disease of the lung...
The Brain In Its Direction Of The Body
WE come now to the brain and its direction of other p...
The Rational Care Of Self
A WOMAN who had had some weeks of especially difficul...
Category: THE SKIN
Source: A Handbook Of Health
Its Cause and Prevention. The other great disease of the lungs is
pneumonia, formerly known as inflammation of the lungs. This is rapid
and sudden, instead of slow and chronic like tuberculosis, but kills
almost as many people; and unfortunately, unlike tuberculosis, is not
decreasing. In fact in some of our large cities, it is rapidly
increasing. Although we know it is due to a germ, we don't yet know
exactly how that germ is conveyed from one victim to another. One thing,
however, of great practical importance we do know, and that is that
pneumonia is a disease of overcrowding and foul air, like tuberculosis;
that it occurs most frequently at that time of the year--late winter and
early spring--when people have been longest crowded together in houses
and tenements; and that it falls most severely upon those who are
weakened by overcrowding, under-feeding, or the excessive use of
alcohol. How strikingly this is true may be seen from the fact that,
while the death-rate of the disease among the rich and those in
comfortable circumstances, who are well-fed and live in good houses, is
only about five per cent,--that is, one in twenty,--among the poor,
especially in the crowded districts of our large cities, the death-rate
rises to twenty per cent, or one in five; while among the tramp and
roustabout classes, who have used alcohol freely, and among chronic
alcoholics, it reaches forty per cent. The same steps should be taken to
prevent its spread as in tuberculosis--destroying the sputum, keeping
the patient by himself, and thoroughly ventilating and airing all rooms.
As the disease runs a very rapid course, usually lasting only from one
to three weeks, this is a comparatively easy thing to do.
Though pneumonia is commonly believed to be due to exposure to cold or
wet, like colds, it has very little to do with these. You will not catch
pneumonia after breaking through the ice or getting lost in the snow,
unless you already have the germs of the disease in your mouth and
throat, and your constitution has already been run down by bad air,
under-feeding, overwork, or dissipation. Arctic explorers, for instance,
never catch pneumonia in the Frozen North.
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