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Resume Of After-care Of A Tracheotomic Case

1. Always bear in mind that tracheotomy is not an ultimate ...

Rich Foods Brandy Beef-tea Etc

must be avoided. Involuntary starting, and the manifestation...

Auricular Fibrillation Pathology

Schoenberg [Footnote: Schoenberg: Frankfurt. Ztschr. f. Patho...

Vomiting

In many cases of severe illness, the stomach rejects all food,...

Temperature Of The Sick-room

The _temperature of the sick-room_ should not be much above 6...

Bruises Case Xiv

The first case of bruise which I shall detail was not severe,...

Inflammation Of The Eyes - Ophthalmia

For common Ophthalmia, in the early stages, while there is mo...

Frictions With Lard

were used already by Caelius Aurelianus, and recently re-intr...

Teeth

In order to prevent decay, the teeth should be carefully brush...

Ulcers Case Xxiii

Mr. Marshall, aged 60, had a troublesome ulcer under the oute...

Technic Of Laryngeal Operations

Preparation of the patient and anesthesia have been mentione...

Quiet Vs Chronic Excitement

SOME women live in a chronic state of excitement all ...

Hands Dry And Hard

Pack the hands in SOAP LATHER (see) mixed with a little fine o...

Preparation Of The Patient For Peroral Endoscopy

The suggestions of the author in the earlier volumes in regar...

Painful Urination Incontinence Of Urine

_Involuntary Urination._ Where the discharge of urine prod...

Sunshine

Is a most valuable aid to health, acting as a physical and men...

Van Helmont

JOHANN BAPTIST VAN HELMONT, a celebrated Belgian physician, s...

Rheumatism Chronic

Use the A D current always in rheumatic affections. If there ...

Version Of A Safety Pin

A safety pin of very small size may be turned over in a dire...

Chloroform

See Child-bearing. ...



Nstrumentarium





Category: INSTRUMENTARIUM
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

Direct laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy and gastroscopy
are procedures in which the lower air and food passages are
inspected and treated by the aid of electrically lighted tubes
which serve as specula to manipulate obstructing tissues out of the
way and to bring others into the line of direct vision.
Illumination is supplied by a small tungsten-filamented, electric,
cold lamp situated at the distal extremity of the instrument in a
special groove which protects it from any possible injury during the
introduction of instruments through the tube. The bronchi and the
esophagus will not allow dilatation beyond their normal caliber;
therefore, it is necessary to have tubes of the sizes to fit
these passages at various developmental ages. Rupture or even
over-distention of a bronchus or of the thoracic esophagus is almost
invariably fatal. The armamentarium of the endoscopist must be
complete, for it is rarely possible to substitute, or to improvise
makeshifts, while the bronchoscope is in situ. Furthermore, the
instruments must be of the proper model and well made; otherwise
difficulties and dangers will attend attempts to see them.





Next: Laryngoscopes




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