Medical ArticlesModifications Of Electricity
In the present stage of electric science, the conviction has ...
The Surgical Dissection Of The Male Bladder And Urethra Lateral And Bilateral Lithotomy Compared
Having examined the surgical relations of the bladder and adj...
Dr Jerome Kidder's Electro-magnetic Machine
On opening the machine-box, as it comes from the manufacturer...
This term is applied so loosely and so indiscriminately to al...
A piece of fine new flannel made to cover the whole back, and ...
I was practicing in Cincinnati during the prevalence of Chole...
Indications For Strychnin
Strychnin is a much overused drug. It is now given for almost...
Bite Of The Rattlesnake
is _Alcohol_, in the ordinary form, or in common Whisky, Bran...
(_Acetate of Copper Verdigris_) applied to _Cancerous_ ulcers...
Physical Signs Of Tracheal Foreign Body
If fixed in the trachea the only objective sign of foreign bo...
Swellings in the breast often arouse fear of cancer, but are g...
This fever assumes two principal forms: Simple or mild, and M...
WATCH the faces as you walk along the street! If you ...
The Care Of An Invalid
TO take really good care of one who is ill requires n...
Ice-water And Snow-bath In Malignant Cases
If no rash appear during the first pack, which will scarcely ...
Mineral Acids And Glacial Acetic
If any neutralising agent, such, e.g., as lime, chalk, soda, o...
The Tired Emphasis
"I AM so tired, so tired--I go to bed tired, I get up...
Punctures Case Xiii
Am old man applied leeches to the instep for inflammation occ...
This affection of nursing women frequently comes on before th...
Recent Wounds Contusions And Burns
Use the B D current, strong force as can be borne. Bring the ...
Site Of Lodgement
Category: FOREIGN BODIES IN THE ESOPHAGUS
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery
Almost all foreign bodies are arrested in the
cervical esophagus at the level of the superior aperture of the
thorax. A physiologic narrowing is present at this level, produced in
part by muscular contraction, and mainly by the crowding of the
adjacent viscera into the fixed and narrow upper thoracic aperture. If
dislodged from this position the foreign body usually passes downward
to be arrested at the next narrowing or to pass into the stomach. The
esophagoscopist who encounters the difficulty of introduction at the
cricopharyngeal fold expects to find the foreign body above the fold.
Such, however, is almost never the case. The cricopharyngeus muscle
functionates in starting the foreign body downward as if it were food;
but the narrowing at the upper thoracic aperture arrests it because
the esophageal peristaltic musculature is feeble as compared to the
powerful inferior constrictor.