The stomach of any individual having a normal esophagus and n...
A cold is often easily overcome. At other times it "sits down,...
A, Gastroscopic view of a gastrojejunostomy opening drawn pat...
It is essential for the welfare of the patient, especially af...
Punctures Case Iii
A female servant punctured the end of the finger by a pin; th...
See Urinary Troubles. ...
Exercise And Growth
Fatigue as a Danger Signal. The chief use of exercise in ch...
Ulceration Of The Esophagus
Superficial erosions of the esophagus are by no means an unco...
Chlorosis Green Sickness
This is a disease mostly or entirely peculiar to young women ...
Alice was a middle-aged woman who couldn't understand why she...
Nervous Strain In Pain And Sickness
THERE is no way in which superfluous and dangerous te...
Bilateral abductor laryngeal paralysis causes severe stenosi...
Butter, Margarine And Fats In General
Recently, enormous propaganda has been generated against eati...
Foreign bodies rarely lodge in an upper-lobe bronchus, yet w...
Much more than is readily believed depends on the state of the...
The Surgical Dissection Of The Deep Structures Of The Male Perinaeum The Lateral Operation Of Lithotomy
The urethra, at its membranous part, M, Fig. 1, Plate 53, whi...
Amenorrhea Suppressed Menstruation
Treat as for chlorosis. But if the case be recent--the effect...
These are often a really serious trouble, especially to women,...
From The Hygienic Dictionary
Food.  Life is a tragedy of nutrition. In food lies 99.99...
Sometimes the red patches of the rash are covered with small ...
Category: ACQUIRING SKILL
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery
The fundamental principles of peroral
endoscopy are best taught on the cadaver. It is necessary that a
specially prepared subject be had, in order to obtain the required
degree of flexibility. Injecting fluid of the following formula worked
out by Prof. J. Parsons Schaeffer for the Bronchoscopic Clinic
courses, has proved very satisfactory:
Sodium carbonate--1 1/2 lbs.
White arsenic--2 1/2 lbs.
Potassium nitrate--3 lbs.
Boil until arsenic is dissolved. When cold add:
Carbolic acid 1500 c.c.
Glycerin 1250 c.c.
Alcohol (95%) 1250 c.c.
For each body use about 3 gal. of fluid.
The method of introduction of the endoscopic tube, and its various
positions can be demonstrated and repeatedly practiced on the cadaver
until a perfected technic is developed in both the operator and
assistant who holds the head, and the one who passes the instruments
to the operator. In no other manner can the landmarks and endoscopic
anatomy be studied so thoroughly and practically, and in no other way
can the pupil be taught to avoid killing his patient. The
danger-points in esophagoscopy are not demonstrable on the living
without actually incurring mortality. Laryngeal growths may be
simulated, foreign body problems created and their mechanical
difficulties solved and practice work with the forceps and tube
Next: Practice On The Rubber-tube Manikin
Previous: Testing For Electric Defects