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See Rash. ...
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Rules For Direct Laryngoscopy
1. The laryngoscope must always be held in the left hand, nev...
Let us suppose a swelling appears on some part of the body or ...
Action Of The Sitz-bath Explained
The _sitz-bath_ acts in a direct manner upon the abdominal or...
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Prejudice Of Physicians Against The Water-cure
The greatest, and the most serious, difficulty lies in the pr...
Drugs In Hypertension
The drugs that are mostly used to lower blood pressure are ni...
Much more than is readily believed depends on the state of the...
Diverticulum Of The Esophagus
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Cases Beyond The Remedy Of Fasting
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Actinomycosis Of The Esophagus
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Benign Growths In The Larynx
Benign growths in the larynx are easily and accurately remova...
Ankle Twisted Or Crushed
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From The Hygienic Dictionary 2
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Continued coldness of the feet gives rise to many more serious...
The Poor Start
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ADOPTING the phrase of our forefathers, with all its ...
Soapy Blanket The
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Stokes Adams Treatment
Source: Disturbances Of The Heart
The treatment of true Stokes-Adams disease is unsuccessful. If
general arteriosclerosis is present, that condition should be
treated. Digitalis would seem almost invariably contraindicated,
although it is of value in extrasystoles without heartblock, or in
conditions which are not Stokes-Adams disease; but if this disease
was considered present, digitalis would probably do harm. Sometimes
strychnin is of benefit.
Atropin has sometimes caused stimulation of the heart to more normal
rapidity. Its benefit is generally only temporary, as most patients
cannot take atropin regularly without having it cause a disagreeable
drying of the throat and skin, a stimulation of the brain, and an
undesired raising of the blood pressure, to say nothing of its
action on the eyes.
The only value of the nitrites is when the blood pressure is high
and the nitrite action is desired on that account.
Coffee or caffein often causes these hearts to become irritable; it
certainly raises the blood pressure, and therefore is not generally
advisable. Both tea and coffee should generally be prohibited.
During the acute faint attack, camphor is one of the best
stimulants. Alcohol may be of benefit. If syphilis is a cause of the
condition, iodids are always valuable. If syphilis is not a cause
and arteriosclerosis is present, small doses of iodid given for a
long period are beneficial, although it may not much reduce the
blood pressure or decrease the plasticity of the blood. Iodid is a
stimulant to the thyroid gland, and therefore it is on this account
An excellent stimulant to the heart is thyroid secretion or thyroid
extract. Theoretically thyroid extracts should be the treatment for
a slow-acting heart. It sometimes seems of benefit to these
patients, but it often causes such nervous excitation and
irritability as to preclude its use. The dose of thyroid for this
purpose would be small, about one-fourth to one-half grain of the
active substance three times a day. To be of any value, the
preparation must be good.
Epinephrin has been shown by Hirtz [Footnote: Hirtz: Arch d. mal. du
coeur, February, 1916] to overcome experimental heart block. It is
not clear just how it acts, but it could well be tried in heart
block when the blood pressure is not too high. A few drops of an
epinephrin solution 1:1,000 may be placed on the tongue, and
repeated three times a day, or from 5 to 10 minims of a weaker
solution may be given hypodermically.
The usual precautions against overeating, overdrinking, severe
physical exercise, sudden movements, overuse of tobacco, etc.,
should all be urged on the patient. The disease is sooner or later
fatal, although the patient may live some years. Death is generally
It is understood that this disease must he separated from the
condition of bradycardia inherent in a few persons who have a slow
pulse throughout their life, without any untoward symptoms.
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