NAT. ORD., Oleaceae.
COMMON NAME, Fringe Tree. Snow-flower.
PREPARATION.--The fresh bark is pounded to a pulp and macerated in two
parts by weight of alcohol.
(The following is the only proving, we believe, ever made
of this drug; it was the thesis of Dr. John W. Lawshe,
Atlanta, Ga., on his graduation, and was published in
North American Journa
of Homoeopathy, May, 1883).
This being the first and only proving of this drug, Prof. Lilienthal
requested a copy of it for publication, which I cheerfully agreed to
Monday, July 10, 1882, 9:30 A.M., I took one drop of the tincture,
after having taken the 12x and 6x potencies, one day each, without any
effect. I continued taking the tincture each hour during the day,
increasing each dose one drop till five were reached, then increased
each dose five drops till twenty-five were reached, but without any
Tuesday, July 11th, I began with thirty drops at 9 o'clock A.M., and
increased the dose five drops each hour till I reached one drachm, and
took three doses of one drachm each. I retired at 10 o'clock feeling
I awoke at 4:10 A.M., Wednesday, July 12th, with a severe
headache--chiefly in the forehead and just over the eyes--especially the
left eye. Eyeballs exceedingly painful, feel sore and bruised.
Cutting twisting pains all through my abdomen.
I turned over and lay with my face downward, which seemed to relieve the
abdominal pains some, and after awhile I went to sleep. I awoke again at
8:20 feeling very sick and badly all over. Head feels very sore all over
and through it; heavy dull feeling in forehead and a drawing or pressing
at the root of my nose. I felt so weak I had to sit down awhile before I
could finish dressing; never before felt so sick at my stomach. Bitter
eructations, great nausea and retching, with a desire for stool.
I finished dressing and looked at my tongue, which was heavily coated
and of a dirty, greenish yellow color. I started down stairs and had a
violent attack of nausea and a great deal of retching before I could
vomit. It seemed as though there were a "double suction" in my
abdomen, one trying to force something up and the other sucking it back,
till finally, by quite an effort, I vomited a teacup full, or more, of
very dark green bile, rather ropy, I think, and exceedingly bitter.
The bile came up with a single gush and I was through. Immediately a
cold perspiration broke out and stood in beads on my forehead, and I
felt very weak. Desire for stool gone after vomiting.
I have a sore, weak, bruised feeling all over the small of my back;
feels very weak when standing or moving about; better sitting or lying
No appetite for breakfast, but my stomach felt so weak and empty that I
drank a cup of coffee and ate half a biscuit, which relieved to some
9 A.M., am so nervous I cannot keep still and can hardly write down my
9:30 o'clock, my back in lumbar and sacral region is so sore and weak I
could hardly walk from the car to the office, every step seemed to jar
my whole body and made my headache worse.
10 o'clock, have been quiet for half an hour and feel some better; have
a pressing or squeezing sensation in the bridge of my nose; sore
constricted feeling in the temples, with throbbing temporal arteries.
10:30 o'clock, just came from stool; the first passed was watery, but
the last was more solid in appearance; stool terribly offensive, like
carrion. Heavy, all-gone sort of feeling low down in hypogastrium;
color of stool was dark brown with pieces of undigested food in it.
11:30, just got home and feel very bad and weak. My head and back ache
considerably, and I feel "played out" generally.
12 o'clock, forehead and cheeks very hot and dry, radial pulse 114,
chilly sensation darting through body from front to back, causing a sort
of shivering or involuntary jerking, forehead feels like a hot coal of
fire to my hand; headache in forehead and over eyes relieved by pressing
with my hand, but I cannot bear it long for my head seems to get hotter
from it; am exceedingly nervous, cannot lie still, involuntary jerkings
in different parts of the body. Roof of mouth and tongue feel very dry,
although there seems to be the usual amount of saliva present. No thirst
I went to sleep about 12:20 P.M., and was awakened at 2 o'clock for
dinner. Couldn't eat anything; I tried but it nauseated me; could only
drink a cup of coffee; headache worse after waking; pulse 88; head not
quite so hot, body feels chilly, and I had a shawl thrown over me; went
to sleep again about 3:30.
I was told that at 4:15 my face and head were covered with a profuse
perspiration, and my carotid arteries pulsated very hard and rapidly; I
got up at 5 o'clock and bathed my face in cold water and felt somewhat
better, though my head and back still ache considerably and feel quite
sore; eyeballs feel bruised.
6:30. Weak, empty feeling about stomach, which was relieved for awhile
by eating some crackers and drinking a cup of coffee. Pulse still 88.
At 8:15 had an action from my bowels; during stool griping and cutting
pains in abdomen, about and below umbilicus; stool thin, watery,
blackish-brown color and very offensive. I retired at 9:30 and had to
have an extra covering thrown upon me, I was so chilly, while my
room-mate lay without any covering at all. My head feels sore and
bruised all over, and the small of my back is exceedingly weak and
feels, when I touch it with my hand, as though the skin were all off.
Thursday, July 13th. I was very nervous and restless last night after
going to bed; didn't go to sleep till after 12 o'clock, and woke up
several times before daylight with pains in my head, abdomen and back.
Got up at 8 o'clock. My head feels sore and bruised; the bruised feeling
seems to go into my brain now; every time I move, cough or laugh it
seems as if my head would split open and fly in every direction; my
back is not so painful this morning; I couldn't eat much breakfast;
stool this morning was quite copious, watery, dark brown and not so
offensive as yesterday.
9:30. Headache better; several times this morning I have had attacks of
cutting or griping pains in my intestines, in and about the umbilical
region; my tongue is very heavily coated in the centre with a thick
yellowish fur; the tip is slightly red, and on each side of the tip
there are several little places that look as though blood was about to
ooze forth from them; my tongue feels drawn and shriveled up the centre.
4:30. The only symptom at 11 o'clock was a dull, sore, aching feeling in
the umbilical and iliac regions, occasionally changing for just a minute
or so to a severe griping, which was relieved some by emission of
flatus. My face has a yellowish appearance; from the outer to the inner
canthus there is a reddish-yellow streak, about one-quarter of an inch
wide, in the whites of both eyes; the blood vessels of the sclerotic
coat are very much enlarged and distinctly visible.
Friday, July 14th. I suffered considerably after 5 o'clock yesterday
afternoon and last night with pains in my abdomen, and they are more
severe this morning than yesterday; it feels just like a string tied in
a "slip knot" around my intestines in the umbilical region, and every
once in awhile it was suddenly drawn tight for a minute or so, and
then gradually loosened; stool this morning was very thin, watery and
rather flaky; the flaky portion was dark yellow, the fluid portion
dark green, with a light green foam or froth on top, streaked with a
white, mucus-looking substance; flatus and faeces passed together; some
pain in my bowels during stool, and a hot, scalded sensation in anus,
which lasted fifteen or twenty minutes after stool; during stool a cold
perspiration broke out on my forehead and back of my hands; took quite a
while to pass stool, and then only a small quantity passed; eyeballs
feel bruised and the whites have a yellowish cast all over, though the
"bands" are still very distinct; my skin is quite yellow to-day and I
feel very much fatigued generally.
Saturday, July 15th. Stool about natural this morning; some feeling in
my abdomen, though not so severe; no new symptoms.
Sunday, July 16th. The only thing unusual which I noticed to-day was the
passage of considerable offensive flatus; a greater quantity after
retiring than during the day.
I noticed no more symptoms after Sunday night.
(The following is from a letter of Dr. E. M. Hale):
Some time ago I received a letter from Dr. F. S. Smith, of Lock Haven,
Pa., in which, referring to Chionanthus, he says:
"For the first time to-day I read your article on Chionanthus in the
last edition of your Materia Medica of 'New Remedies.' I have been using
this drug for over two years, as a specific for so-called sick headache.
It has done wonders for me in that disease. I had been a victim from
early childhood, and have suffered terribly. I have not had an attack
for two years. If I am threatened, a few drops, timely taken, dissipates
it at once.
"Dr. B., a dentist, aged 35, dark complexion, a victim to sick headache,
had an attack on an average once in three weeks. Since taking
Chionanthus, has not had more than two or three attacks in over two
years, and then owing to a neglect to take the medicine. I have failed
in but one case, and that was a menstrual sick headache.
"I prescribe it as follows: In cases of habitual sick headache, 5 gtts.
of the 2x dil. three times a day for a week, then twice a day for a
week, then once a day for a week, after which the patient only takes it
when symptoms of the attack show themselves. I regard it almost a
(Chionanthus is also, by some physicians, regarded as a
specific in jaundice, either acute or chronic, and the
proving seems to justify the belief.)