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ACNE. (Simple Acne)

Categories: Diseases of The Skin

This is an inflammation of the sebaceous (fatty,
cheesy) glands. It forms these pimples or pustules and these are

intermingled with black-heads (comedones), flesh-worms. They vary from a

pin-head to a split-pea in size, and are of a bright or dark red color.

They occur for the most part on the face; also on the back, neck and


Condition. An over secretion, or alteration and retention of the fatty

/> (sebaceous) matter, and this is followed by inflammation involving the

glands, ducts of the glands, and hair follicles. Pus often forms and

tissue may be destroyed.

Causes. These skin glands are active at the time of puberty. The active

cause may be the stomach troubles, constipation, womb disorders, and poor

general nutrition.

PHYSICIANS' TREATMENT for Acne. All stomach troubles, constipation, and

womb troubles should be looked into and remedied. The diet and hygiene

must be regulated. Food that stimulates and is hard to digest should be

prohibited. When there is dyspepsia and constipation, bitter tonics, like

compound tincture of gentian, one dram before meals, or pepsin (five

grains) and loosening medicines like salts should be given.

Tincture of Nux Vomica is a good stomach and bowel tonic given in doses of

one to two drops before meals.

Calomel, one-half grain at night for a few nights, followed in the morning

by epsom salts or some mineral water like Abilena or Hunjadi is useful.

The following is a good combination by Dr. Schalek:

Tincture of Nux Vomica 2 drams

Dilute Nitro Muriatic Acid 4 drams

Sherry Wine enough for 3 ounces

Mix and take one teaspoonful three times a day.

Diet. See diet for dyspepsia and constipation. All fatty, greasy, rich

foods are prohibited.

Local Treatment. If the skin is quite red and tender, mild soothing

applications should be used. Most cases require vigorous treatment. First

wash the parts with warm water and the best soap, rinse with hot water and

then dry carefully. Remove the black-heads by careful pressure of the

fingers, or with black-head extractor; the pimples and pustules should be

freely cut, to allow the matter to escape and all the matter taken out.

External Medication, Ointment and Lotions. Lotions are to be preferred in

cases of oily discharge. If the skin becomes rough and chapped, soap

should not be used in washing, and a soothing ointment should be applied.

Drugs used are for stimulating the skin and healing the lesions.

1. Soothing Ointment.

Precipitated Sulphur 1 dram

Benzoinated Lard 1/2 ounce

Lanolin 1/2 ounce

For local use but not in oily cases. (Dr. Schalek.)

2. The following used as a soothing lotion:

Washed Sulphur 2-1/2 drams

Spirits of Camphor 3 drams

Biborate of Sodium 2 drams

Glycerin 6 drams

Distilled water enough for 4 ounces

Mix and shake well and apply freely so as to leave a film on the face.

(Dr. Schalek.)

3. Dr. Duhring's Lotion, following:

Precipitated Sulphur 2 drams

Glycerin 2 drams

Alcohol 1 ounce

Lime water 1 ounce

Rose water 2 ounces

Mix and shake before using and apply.

4. Kummerfield's Lotion. "Oriental Lotion."

Precipitated Sulphur 4 drams

Powdered Camphor 10 grains

Powdered Tragacanth 20 grains

Lime water 2 ounces

Rose water 2 ounces

Mix; shake well and apply every few hours.

5. Stimulating preparations.

Corrosive sublimate 1/2 to 2 grains

Emulsion bitter almonds 4 ounces

Mix thoroughly and use to stimulate the skin.

6. Ointment of white precipitate (five to fifteen per cent strength) can

be used in place of one above.

7. The Following Hebra Lotion (I give as written).

Hydrarg. Bichlor 1 dram

Aqua Distill 4 drams

Ov. Albuminis 3 drams

Succi Citri 3 drams

Sacchari 1 ounce

Mix and apply as directed.

Caution. Sulphur and mercury preparations should not be used at the same

time, nor immediately succeeding each other, as they will stain the skin.