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Polarization

It may be proper, in this place, to spend a few words upon el...

To Prevent Scarlet Fever

Give Belladonna at the 3d attenuation, three to six pellets, ...

Classification Of Cardiac Disturbances

For the sake of discussing the therapy of cardiac disturban...

Arsenic

Emetic, followed by white of egg. Keep very warm. ...

Calendula

is applied to wounds, _incised_ and _lacerated_, promoting he...

Second Stage

The spatular end of the laryngoscope should now be tipped ba...

The Nerves In The Skin

How We Tell Things from Touch, and Feel Heat and Cold and Pai...

Stammering

This trouble is simply a loss of command of the vocal organs, ...

Sponge-pumping

While the usually thin, watery esophageal and gastric secret...

Foreign Bodies In The Stomach

Gastroscopy is indicated in cases of a foreign body that ref...

Balsamo

One of the most notorious charlatans of the eighteenth centur...

Stage I Entering The Right Pyriform Sinus

The operator standing (as in Fig. 66), inserts the esophagos...

Social/cultural/psychological Obstacles To Fasting

Numerous attitudes make it difficult to fast or to provide mo...

Inward Rotation Method

When the point is found to be buried in the mucosa, the best...

Period Of Efflorescence Or Standing Out Of The Rash

During the first day or two of the period of efflorescence, w...

Lancing Swellings

See Abscess. ...

Strangulation Or Hanging

Often accidentally caused in children or intoxicated persons. ...

To Prevent Itch

A dose of _Sulphur_, or rubbing a little flour of sulphur on ...

Belladonna

has great power as a local remedy in _Erysipelas_, to be appl...

Nerve Shock

After a fright, or some very trying experience, some part of t...



Malignant Disease Of The Esophagus





Category: MALIGNANT DISEASE OF THE ESOPHAGUS
Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

Cancer of the esophagus is a more prevalent disease than is commonly
thought. In the male it usually develops during the fourth and fifth
decades of life. There is in some cases the history of years of more
or less habitual consumption of strong alcoholic liquors. In the
female the condition often occurs at an earlier age than in the male,
and tends to run a more protracted course, preceeded in some cases by
years of precancerous dysphagia.

Squamous-celled epithelioma is the most frequent type of neoplasm. In
the lower third of the esophagus, cylindric cell carcinoma may be
found associated with a like lesion in the stomach. Sarcoma of the
esophagus is relatively rare (Bibliography 1, p. 449).

The sites of the lesion are those of physiologic narrowing of the
esophagus. The middle third is most frequently involved; and the lower
third, near the cardia, comes next in frequency. Cancer of the lower
third of the esophagus preponderates in men, while cancer of the upper
orifice is, curiously, more prevalent in women. The lesion is usually
single, but multiple lesions, resulting from implantation metastases
have been observed (Bibliography 1, p. 391). Bronchoesophageal fistula
from extension is not uncommon.





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