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Edematous Tracheobronchitis

This is chiefly observed in children. The most frequently en...


By this term we mean not only the sensible perspiration which ...


The medicine for this affection is _Nux vom._, to be taken at...

Vocal Results

A whispering voice can always be had as long as air can pass...

Catarrh Acute

If in the head, treat as prescribed for common colds in the h...

Remedial Virtues Ascribed To Relics

A relic has been defined as an object held in reverence or ...


WORK for the better progress of the human race is most effect...

My Own 56 Day Long Fast

Fasters go through a lot of different emotional states, these...

Extraction Of Open Safety-pins From The Esophagus

An open safety pin with the point down offers no particular ...

Action Of The Sitz-bath Explained

The _sitz-bath_ acts in a direct manner upon the abdominal or...

Additional Rules For The Treatment Of Eruptive Diseases

In all these eruptive diseases, especially small-pox, all I h...

Importance Of Noting The Central Point

From the above observations, it will be plain that, when we w...

Taking A Laryngeal Specimen For Diagnosis

The diagnosis of carcinoma, sarcoma, and some other conditio...


This drug is a West Indian gum, and is one of those remedies w...

Putrid Symptoms

Next to those most dangerous forms--most dangerous, because t...

The Fulcrum Of The Bronchoscopic Lever Is At The Upper Thoracic Aperture

Disregard of this rule will cause subglottic edema and will ...

Fever Hay

See Hay Fever. ...

Wounds And Bruises

On this subject, I must necessarily be very brief. When a wou...


One of the most fruitful causes of ill-health is the habit of ...


Smoking, a Senseless Habit. Smoking is the curious act of dra...

Malignant Disease Of The Esophagus

Source: A Manual Of Peroral Endoscopy And Laryngeal Surgery

Cancer of the esophagus is a more prevalent disease than is commonly
thought. In the male it usually develops during the fourth and fifth
decades of life. There is in some cases the history of years of more
or less habitual consumption of strong alcoholic liquors. In the
female the condition often occurs at an earlier age than in the male,
and tends to run a more protracted course, preceeded in some cases by
years of precancerous dysphagia.

Squamous-celled epithelioma is the most frequent type of neoplasm. In
the lower third of the esophagus, cylindric cell carcinoma may be
found associated with a like lesion in the stomach. Sarcoma of the
esophagus is relatively rare (Bibliography 1, p. 449).

The sites of the lesion are those of physiologic narrowing of the
esophagus. The middle third is most frequently involved; and the lower
third, near the cardia, comes next in frequency. Cancer of the lower
third of the esophagus preponderates in men, while cancer of the upper
orifice is, curiously, more prevalent in women. The lesion is usually
single, but multiple lesions, resulting from implantation metastases
have been observed (Bibliography 1, p. 391). Bronchoesophageal fistula
from extension is not uncommon.

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