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Is simply an inflammation due to impurity of the blood. These ...
One of the most fruitful causes of ill-health is the habit of ...
Medicinal Runic Inscriptions
The discovery of the script of the ancient Germans, suppose...
Care Of The Nails
Importance of Clean Nails. On account of their constant use, ...
Tricuspid Stenosis Tricuspid Obstruction
This is rare and probably always congenital, and is supposed ...
The Use Of Forceps In Endoscopic Foreign Body Extraction
Two different strengths of forceps are supplied, as will be s...
The Heart In Pneumonia
As pneumonia heads the list of the causes of death in this co...
Colds Consumption And Pneumonia
Disease Germs. In all foul air there are scores of different ...
To understand the physiology, pathology and the best treatmen...
Punctures Case Ix
James Joynes, aged 12, was bitten by an ass, on each side of ...
Ulcers Case Xxvii
Mrs. Wakefield, aged 36, had an extensive ulceration with exc...
Direct Laryngoscopy In Children
The epiglottis in children is usually strongly curled, often...
In its most powerful form this is a solid stream of water dire...
Where cold is easily "taken," it is the skin which is defectiv...
Croup More Serious Form
This is caused by an accumulation of material in the windpipe,...
This is an eruption on the skin, often coming suddenly and goi...
The esophagoscope, like the bronchoscope, is a hollow brass ...
Foreign Bodies In The Air And Food Passages
The air and food passages may be invaded by any foreign subst...
WILLIAM LILLY, a famous English astrologer of yeoman ancestry...
Punctures Case Vii
Mr. Parr, aged 30, of delicate habit, trod upon a needle whic...
Disorders Of Muscles And Bones
Category: OUR TELEPHONE EXCHANGE AND ITS CABLES
Source: A Handbook Of Health
The Muscles and Bones Have Few Diseases. Considering how complex it
is, and the never-ceasing strain upon it, this moving apparatus of ours,
the nerve-bone-muscle-machine, is surprisingly free from disease. The
muscles, though they form nearly half our bulk, have scarcely a single
disease peculiar to them, or chiefly beginning in them, unless fatigue
and its consequences might be so regarded. They may become weakened and
wasted by either lack or excess of exercise, by under-feeding, or by
loss of sleep; but most of their disturbances are due to poisons which
have got into the blood pumped through them, or to paralysis or other
injuries to the nerves that supply them.
The muscles of an arm, for instance, which has been lashed to a splint,
or shut tightly in a cast for a long time, waste away and shrink until
the arm becomes, as we say, just skin and bone; and the same thing
will happen if the nerve supplying a muscle, or a limb, is cut or
The bones have more diseases than the muscles, but really comparatively
few, considering their great number and size, and the constant strain to
which they are subjected in supporting the body, and driving it forward
and doing its work under the handling and leverage of the muscles. Most
of their diseases are, like those of the muscles, the after-effects of
general diseases, particularly the infections and fevers, which begin
elsewhere in the body; and the best treatment of such bone diseases is
the cure and removal of the disease that caused them.
Repair of Broken Bones. If bones are broken by a fall, or blow, they
display a remarkable power of repair. The skin covering them
(periosteum) pours out a quantity of living lime-cement, or
animal-mortar, around the two broken ends, which solders them together,
much as a plumber will make a joint between the ends of two pipes. This
repair substance is called callus. The most remarkable thing about the
process is that, when it has held the two broken ends together long
enough for them to knit firmly--that is, to connect their blood
vessels and marrow cavities properly--this handful of lime-cement, which
has piled up around the break, gradually melts away and disappears; so
that, if the ends of the bone have been brought accurately together, you
can hardly tell where the break was, except by a slight ridge or
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